Bears are often attracted to residential neighborhoods by food odors. Once a bear has located a good food source such as the apple tree in your garden, it has the ability to remember that location and return.
Bears will also communicate to other bears (through their scat and scent trails), the location of the food source, and that 'it is a safe plato feed. Soon, several bears could be visiting your property.
Bears in pursuit of an easy meal may damage your trees by literally breaking the branches or the tree itself to get at the fruit. In rare cases, they may cause injury to people. It is important for everyone living in bear country to follow precautions.
Before purchasing any flora for your garden, visit a garden center or read up on the species and see if in fact it does produce fruit. If it does, give it a pass! Bears are known to feed on all species of apple/crabapple fruit, pears, cherries/chokecherries, mountainbuffalo berry, dogwood, wolf willow. Do not despair however, for there are many flowering shrubs and trees that can be planted that are fruit free and have beautiful blossoms or foliage.
That being said, you should consider instead trees that are spectacular in fall with gorgeous leaf color changes! Don’t focus on just the flowers in the spring. Larch trees provide a spectacular color change in the fall.
Some to stay away from are: Apple, crabapple and choke cherry trees that produce fruit, dogwood, Buffalo berry, mountain ash.
Recommended flowering trees and shrubs are: Forsythia (Northern Gold variety in a sunny protected location), Flowering almond, double flowering plum, certain chokecherry and crabapple trees that are non‐fruit bearing, Lilac and Potentilla.
Use the internet and do a little bit of research. Visit a good garden centre and ask about what they recommend and what can they obtain. Check the following: Do they bear fruit? This is the most important question. If they do then do not use. Then check if they flower, and do they have a good color display when the leaves turn in the fall.
This research will benefit us all as you will not be contributing to attracting bears into the community.
Interesting web site:
Government of Alberta: Evaluating Woody Plants for Hardiness and Landscape Quality in Alberta