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WildSmart is a program of the Biosphere Institute of the Bow Valley and relies entirely on donations and sponsors.
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Report any sightings of bears, cougars or wolves
403.591.7755 (Local)

For all public safety
emergencies call 9-1-1

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Living Smart with Elk

Elk are commonly seen in the Bow Valley. The information below will help you stay safe.

Avoid Elk Encounters

  • Elk can be dangerous.
  • If the animal is responding to your presence – you are too close.
  • Give them plenty of room. Keep at a distance of at least 3 bus lengths.
  • Do not approach elk or their calves.
  • Elk can endanger themselves or humans by suddenly running into traffic or fences if spooked.
  • Walk your dog on leash.
  • Female elk can be especially aggressive during the May - June calving season.
  • Male elk can be especially aggressive during the September - October breeding season.

Handling an ATTACK

  • If you are charged by an elk, position yourself behind a solid structure such as a tree or car.
  • If you have bear spray consider using it.

Report aggressive elk encounters to 403.591.7755
For all public safety emergencies, call 9-1-1

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